Text Panels

在西方﹐一般人都很厭惡所謂的「無產階級文化大革命」。但這一場政治運動從各個方面深深地影響了中國社會和人民的生活。不僅是從一九六六到一九七六的十年之間﹐而且一直延續到現在。它構成了整整一代中國作家和藝術家的生活經驗。到目前為止﹐西方學術界對這一重要時期的研究多偏重於政治層面而非文化層面。在中國國內﹐雖然官方對文革時期仍然諱莫若深﹐也不鼓勵學術探討﹔但近年來人們對這方面的興趣卻日益增長。在江青主持下創作的五齣樣板戲和兩個芭蕾舞劇現在又廣泛上演。北京街道上有專門出售文革時期物品的舊貨市場。這些歷史材料正在被收藏﹑修復和拍賣。不過﹐由于政治敏感依然如故﹐限制了對當時的文化產品任何嚴肅認真的研究。

目前情況在發生變化﹐越來越多的西方學者開始關注二十世紀中國的文化藝術﹐包括大眾文化﹔越來越多的海內外華人藝術家﹑批評家和歷史學者在運用新的方法探討文革時期的文學藝術。不少在文革時期成長的中國學者都看到了搶救這些歷史材料的迫切性和必要性。隨著藝術市場的擴大﹐對文革時期藝術品及其圖像的考鑒研究也日益深入細緻。這一時期的藝術逐漸被重新納入中國美術史的整體圖景之中。                                                                  

這次展覽是由貝爾金美術館館長 Scott  Watson﹑獨立策展人﹑藝術家鄭勝天和中國深圳畫院資深研究員嚴善錞三人共同策劃的。展出的有美術宣傳品和許多罕見的資料﹐包括油畫﹑木刻﹑素描﹑絲網版畫﹑大量發行的招貼畫﹑漫畫﹑紅衛兵小報等。同時還展出特別為這次展覽重新複製的一組真人大小的雕塑群像《紅衛兵贊》。泥塑原作在1967年展出後就已損毀。這些珍品中許多都是借自中國的私人收藏﹐以前從未對外展出過。


The Red Ocean

One of the characteristics of the Great Cultural Revolution is “Personality Cult of Mao Zedong”.  “Red Ocean” was an expression used to describe the Red Guard intention of covering the whole country with Mao’s image.  This section features all kinds of posters and portraits created for Mao.  The centerpiece consists of three panel works: The Five Milestones, Ocean Sailing Depends on the Helmsman and Revolution Relies on Mao Zedong Thought.  Most of these posters were anonymously designed and created by the young teachers and students from the art academies of the time.

                                                                          

Model Paintings

From 1968, under the direction of Jiang Qing, artists in China tried to create new works, which differentiated old styles and reflected the ideals of this new revolution.  Jiang Qing was Mao’s wife and one of the leaders of the Cultural Revolution. This section features art works representing the various periods of the later part of the Cultural Revolution dating between 1969 and 1976.  They include print of Jiang Qing’s favorite “model painting” Chairman Mao Going to Anyuan by Liu Chunhua and two original oil paintings: Awakening Tens and Thousands of Labourers and Peasants by Fang Zengxin and Big-Character Poster is Good! by Fu Zhigui.  Many of the paintings displayed in this section were made by workers, PLA soldiers and officers, peasants and young students who were sent to countryside. These works reflect another feature of this period: “mass campaign for art creations”.


Model Operas

In 1960’s, Mao’s wife Jiang Qing led an attempt to reform traditional Chinese operas. During the Cultural Revolution, eight “model performances” (Yangbanxi) including five modernized Peking operas, two “revolutionary ballets” and a symphony were produced collaboratively under her aegis.  The concurrent display of model paintings and the popular model performances exemplify the artistic tastes of the Chinese cultural officials as well as the quest for aesthetics by the artists under particular political pressures.  Original posters, costume design sketches as well as CD of those performances currently made and circulated are featured in this section.


shengtian zheng © 2014